Saskatoon berries

Saskatoon bushes

Saskatoon melomel: adding 3 tsp acid/gal and ~2 lb honey/gal, 1st day add 1 campden tablet/gal in open primary bucket, 2nd day add campden tablets, 3rd day add yeast Lavlin EC1118 or 1116, maybe a slower one like 71

Cold Hardy Fruit Trees and Products for Sale

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2011-07-14 SaskatoonsOnBush.jpg

Tasty berries ready for the picking!
More fotos

Saskatoon berry (serviceberry/juneberry) Amelchanier alnifolia.

Height: up to 15' tall. Size of bushes is managed by pruning out older wood at the base which also ensures vigorous new fruit-producing branches.
Width: Depends how many suckers grow up
Planting: 3-5' apart in-row, 12-14 between row (or more for mechanical harvesters)
Suckers: yes
Pollination: Self-pollinating. Planting multiple varieties increases fruit set marginally but increases fruit seediness.
Disease: Susceptible to woolly elm aphid and fire blight. Usually more of a problem in orchard settings than in home gardens.
Planting: Plant a couple inches deep. Prune tips to promote suckering. After 3 years, prune 1/4 of bush at ground level each year to rejuvenate.
USDA zone:Best in 2-4, may not produce as well in 5 and higher. (warmer zones check your chill hours - NCSU reports hardiness to zone 9 but no guarantee for varieties listed below)
Chill hours: Alberta Saskatoon Berry Manual- minimum chilling period of approximately 3 months (0C / 32-39F) Getchill here
Varieties: All taste good to us! If you are looking into growing them commercially, links are provided below for more research as to which varieties might suit your operation better. We have no recommendations for which variety grows best in any particular region.
More info: - Saskatoon Berry Production Manual Online version or order direct from the Department of Agriculture in Alberta, Canada
- MISA intro
- USA Gardener
- Growing saskatoons in Nebraska
- U of Idaho Extension
- Montana State video 2021
- Learn2Grow Serviceberry
- Autumn Brilliance Species: grandiflora grows and tastes better in zones 5-9 but may not taste as good as species alnifolia in zone 4 and cooler.
Recipes: Traditional Canadian saskatoon berry jam, 5 cup pie, 4 cup pie and pie crust with shortening and pie crust with butter. Also several at Shifting Roots.

All varieties provide excellent flavored large berries that may be used just like blueberries. For more info on different varieties see this comparison chart.

Any Saskatoon 11-18" We Pick For You

Autumn Brilliance® Amelanchier x grandiflora USDA zones 3-8 as per Chicago & Missouri Botanical Gardens. Also a customer at Decatur, Georgia (zone 8) reports they do well there.

Autumn Brilliance® 1-2' tall

Princess Diana Amelanchier x grandiflora USDA zones 4-9, discovered in Wisconsin, USDA zones 3-8 More info

Princess Diana® 4" tall, potted

Canadian selections USDA zones 2-5

Honeywood Saskatoon
Honeywood Saskatoon 2yr

JB 30 - While it grows great here in Minnesota and many other places, at the Western Agricultural Research Center in Corvallis, MT, the branches flopped over under the weight of the berries more than other saskatoons.
JB30F1 Saskatoon seedling 11-18" tall

Lee 3
Lee 3 Saskatoon 2yr

Lee 8
Lee 8 Saskatoon 2yr old

Check back in December to order for Spring 2025.

Northline has a tiny bit extra sweet flavor on slightly smaller berries, uneven ripening
Northline Saskatoon seedling 11-18" tall

Smoky Saskatoon 2yr

Check back in December to order for spring 2025

For wholesale orders of 50+ plants please contact us
for availability of the specific variety you wish and pricing.

Sunny™ SunnyBerriesMF150.jpg
Sunny™ berries Trophy seaberry cp150.jpg
Trophy  2018-08-20SeaberryFishlineTool (1).jpg
Harvest tool - fishline attached to end of "U"
(right click and Open to enlarge) 2018-08-20SeaberryFishlineTool (1).jpg
Fishline slices berries off stem Chuskaya seaberry cp150.jpg

Sea berry, Hippophae rhamnoides, are either male or female so males are needed for pollination. Males need to be planted at a rate of 1 male for every 6 females, six feet apart. Sea Berry is wind pollinated and bears approximately 3 years after planting. Sea berry is hardy to minus 40 F, grows in USDA zones 3-9 (but best in 3-7), likes full sun and well-drained soil. Ideal pH is between 6.3 and 6.8 but tolerates 5.5 - 8.5. Height 8-12'. Spread 5+'

The vitamin C concentration of sea berry fruit is 30 times higher than the amount of an orange, 25 times that of a strawberry, and 5 times that of a kiwi. Their vitamin E content exceeds wheat, corn and soybeans. Many people prefer seaberry juice to orange juice, and some enjoy eating the berries fresh off the tree. Read about more health benefits at Livestrong and If you don't mind sugar, check out the Russian jam recipe at the end of this article. The Russian word for seaberry is oblepikha.

Mary™ (female)
Medium height (10' - 15' H) with very few thorns. Fruits are bright orange at maturity and remain firm for a long period which can be harvested until first frost (4-6 weeks harvest from August into September in northern states). Average berry weight 68g/100 berries. Mary has a higher oil content than Sunny ™ and its flavor is more pronounced but the flavour is still mild and pleasant since it is low in total acids, which makes it a great choice for food and beverages as well. Higher oil content is preferable for skin care products. It has, enough oil content to make it the first choice for Finnish company Aromtech, who makes supplement capsules, and the flavor is right up there with Sunny™ as to palatability. This cultivar produces smaller berries than Sunny ™ but the shrubs are very good producers overall. Very good for juice, and cosmetics.

Mary Seaberry Gal/BR

Sunny™ Seaberry (female) is a medium height shrub (10-12') with very few thorns. It is an early ripening cultivar which has been growing in North America since the early 2000's. It starts to ripen in August in zone 3 (approx. 100 days after flowering) and harvest time runs for two weeks. It is vigorous and well adapted for our climate. The fruits are a bright yellow. Its flavor is mildly tart with a distinct mango-ish flavor. The genetics of this cultivar have been considered the best choice for home gardeners and commercial comestible crops alike for generations. The size and flavour of its fruit is among the best for cooking and juice blends. It has lower oil content than other varieties which some people prefer for making juice and other food products, while more oil may be preferred for cosmetics use. Sunny™ grows best in dry, cold climates like those east of the Cascade Mountains.

Sunny™ History: This Russian born breed (originally named Botaniceskaya Ljubitelskaya), was renamed and registered as Sunny™ in Latvia and was selected by Latvian agronomists as the first choice for commercial comestible sea buckthorn products.
Berry weight: avg. 1 gram (with proper care)
Thorns: Sunny ™ will have a few small thorns along the branch and at the tip but far less thorny than Leikora and Hergo. A bit more thorny than Chuskaya. Use: Great for brewing beer and kombucha, and other juice blends.

Sunny™ Seaberry Gal/BR

Orange Energy TM (female) Medium-early maturing German cultivar launched in 2005 and prized for its abundant crops of flavorful large bright orange berries. It grows very strongly with good side branching. Few thorns. 6-8' height. Originated from a cross Leikora x Pollmix 2. Fruits avg 5.1 g, oblong oval. Total acidity: 3.1 to 3.6% ascorbic acid (vitamin C): 149 - 289mg / 100 g fresh mass; carotene: from 11.8 to 17.7 mg / 100 g fresh mass; tocopherol (vitamin E): 18.9 mg / 100 g fresh mass; total fat content: 4.9 to 6.3% (Reference)

Orange Energy™ Seaberry

Frugana is noted as a vigorous and productive, upright growing shrub, early ripening, bears large, bright orange-red berries. 10-12' height at maturity.

Frugana™ Seaberry

Harvest Moon is an early maturing, relatively thornless variety with reddish-orange berries from Canadian breeding program. adapted to Canadian prairies and northern Great Plains of the United States. Grows 10'x10' tall. Great for brewing beer and kombucha.

Harvest Moon Seaberry

Male Seaberry

* 1 male per 5-7 of the above listed females
* best suited for early and mid season female varietes (listed above)

Male Seaberry

Planting Info expert advice from our propagator
  • Yes, the roots can increase nitrogen levels in the soil. However, young sea buckthorn plants need a well-balanced amendment for a few years to begin growing the Frankia nodules from the bacterium in the soil they are planted in.
  • A loam to lightly sandy soil with decent amounts of organic matter to retain nutrients and a balanced pH is best for starting sea buckthorn shrubs off on the right foot and keeping them growing well for years.
  • Soak roots in water for about 2 hrs before planting
  • Dig holes large enough to fit all the roots and the rooting part of the stem: roughly 12 “W x 12” deep or larger
  • Mix some bone meal and good compost with the soil in the hole and add the plant
  • Pack the soil well around the stem.
  • Water thoroughly. Continue watering every two days for two months.
  • Add a good wood chip mulch as a weed barrier 3″ thick x 16″ D.
  • Each spring for the next three years, you can pull back the wood chips, add a compost top dressing, and return & add the wood chips over the top to maintain a cover of 3″ thickness. The nutrients will leach through over time. Compact any freshly laid mulch down in a funnel shape around the trunk of the sea buckthorn plant to provide air to the base. This will help avoid excess moisture from forming there. Thus, reducing the migration of fungal growth while directing water to the center of the root system below. Once the Sea buckthorn shrubs have reached a mature height, mulch is no longer necessary, but adding a shovel full of compost each spring will keep your shrubs looking healthy and vital.

Growing Info Regular deep watering during the hot dry spells of summer will increase seaberry yields substantially. Phosphorus and Potash, along with micro nutrients are necessary, while Nitrogen can actually hinder the plants growth and general vigour.
Please note that some varieties of seaberry sucker, up to 15 feet or more, so should not be planted next to your neighbor's property line! Suckers are best controlled by simply mowing the grass around the bush. However, sea buckthorn should not be confused with the black-berried
common buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. which is considered a noxious weed.

Maintain reasonable control over the sucker plants by cutting out horizontal rhizomes beneath the turf’s surface or mowing around the shrub’s base.

Keep a watchful eye on the young plant the first year it is put in the ground; it will be vulnerable to drought, weed overgrowth, ice & heavy snow, rodents and deer chewing at the young bark and branches…Also lawnmowers!

Rejuvenation: The rejuvenation cut back should happen around the 7th or 8th year. Sometime before spring break, cut back the entire plant to roughly 10-12" above the natural crown of the primary branches (the shrub will end up at roughly 3-4' H). All small branches should be cut to leave only primary trunks large enough to support regrowth. It is important to note that only healthy and well cared for trees will continuously regrow.

Seaberry needs *Full Sun*
For more info, see MISA Intro and Growing Guide from Quebec

Seaberry Links
How to Grow Sea Buckthorn 2021 Susan Pozner interviewing researcher Bill Schroder
2015 Research Gate Saskatchewan varieties
Introduction Ontario, Canada Irrigation Report Quebec (French) 2016-2017
Frozen seaberries at The Honeyberry Farm
Universite Laval Quebec 2013 Martin Trepanier, Ph.D., agr
Sea Buckthorn Insider
Production Guide (Thomas & McLoughlin, 1997),
Lilianausvat blog 2013 - overview
Houzz forum
International Sea Buckthorn conference, Germany 2013,
Harvesting technologies for sea buckthorn fruit,
Honeyberry USA Fotos of various unnamed bushes.
Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop, Finland 2014
Growing Sea Buckthorn 102 Omega Fruit More links

Seaberry Products
Omega Fruit





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