Harvest tool - fishline attached to end of "U"
(right click and Open to enlarge)
Fishline slices berries off stem
The vitamin C concentration of sea berry fruit is 30 times higher than the amount of an orange, 25 times that of a strawberry, and 5 times that of a kiwi. Their vitamin E content exceeds wheat, corn and soybeans. Many people prefer seaberry juice to orange juice, and some enjoy eating the berries fresh off the tree. Read about more health benefits at Livestrong and 101healthyrecipes.com.
If you don't mind sugar, check out the Russian jam recipe at the end of this article. The Russian word for seaberry is oblepikha.
Regular deep watering during the hot dry spells of summer will increase seaberry yields substantially. Phosphorus and Potash, along with micro nutrients are necessary, while Nitrogen can actually hinder the plants growth and general vigour.
Sea berry, Hippophae rhamnoides, are either male or female so males are needed for pollination. Males need to be planted at a rate of 1 male for every 6 females, six feet apart. Sea Berry is wind pollinated and bears approximately 3 years after planting. Sea berry is hardy to minus 40 F, grows in USDA zones 3-9 (but best in 3-7), likes full sun and well-drained soil. Ideal pH is between 6.3 and 6.8 but tolerates 5.5 - 8.5. Height 8-12'. Spread 5+'
Please note that some varieties of seaberry sucker, up to 15 feet or more, so should not be planted next to your neighbor's property line! Suckers are best controlled by simply mowing the grass around the bush. However, sea buckthorn should not be confused with the black-berried common buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. which is considered a noxious weed.
Rejuvenation: The rejuvenation cut back should happen around the 7th or 8th year. Sometime before spring break, cut back the entire plant to roughly 10-12" above the natural crown of the primary branches (the shrub will end up at roughly 3-4' H). All small branches should be cut to leave only primary trunks large enough to support regrowth. It is important to note that only healthy and well cared for trees will continuously regrow.
Seaberry needs *Full Sun*
For more info, see MISA Intro and Growing Guide from Quebec
Medium height (10' - 15' H) with very few thorns.
Fruits are bright orange at maturity and remain firm for a long period which can be harvested until first frost (4-6 weeks harvest from August into September in northern states). Average berry weight 68g/100 berries. Mary has a higher oil content than Sunny and its flavor is more pronounced but the flavour is still mild and pleasant since it is low in total acids, which makes it a great choice for food and beverages as well. Higher oil content is preferable for skin care products. It has, enough oil content to make it the first choice for Finnish company Aromtech, who makes supplement capsules, and the flavor is right up there with Sunny as to palatability. This cultivar produces smaller berries than Sunny but the shrubs are very good producers overall. Very good for juice, and cosmetics.
May 2024 shipping
Sunny(TM) Seaberry (female) is a medium height shrub (10-12') with very few thorns. It is an early ripening cultivar which has been growing in North America since the early 2000's. It starts to ripen in August in zone 3 (approx. 100 days after flowering) and harvest time runs for two weeks. It is vigorous and well adapted for our climate. The fruits are a bright yellow. Its flavor is mildly tart with a distinct mango-ish flavor. The genetics of this cultivar have been considered the best choice for home gardeners and commercial comestible crops alike for generations. The size and flavour of its fruit is among the best for cooking and juice blends. It has lower oil content than other varieties which some people prefer for making juice and other food products, while more oil may be preferred for cosmetics use. Sunny(TM) grows best in dry, cold climates like those east of the Cascade Mountains.
Sunny History: This Russian born breed (originally named Botaniceskaya Ljubitelskaya), was renamed and registered as Sunny in Latvia and was selected by Latvian agronomists as the first choice for commercial comestible sea buckthorn products.
Berry weight: avg. 1 gram (with proper care)
Thorns: Sunny will have a few small thorns along the branch and at the tip but far less thorny than Leikora and Hergo. A bit more thorny than Chuskaya.
Use: Great for brewing beer and kombucha, and other juice blends.
May 2024 shipping
Orange Energy TM (female) Medium-early maturing German cultivar launched in 2005 and prized for its abundant crops of flavorful large bright orange berries. It grows very strongly with good side branching. Few thorns. Originated from a cross Leikora x Pollmix 2. Fruits avg 5.1 g, oblong oval.
Total acidity: 3.1 to 3.6%
ascorbic acid (vitamin C): 149 - 289mg / 100 g fresh mass;
carotene: from 11.8 to 17.7 mg / 100 g fresh mass;
tocopherol (vitamin E): 18.9 mg / 100 g fresh mass;
total fat content: 4.9 to 6.3% (Reference)
Frugana is noted as a vigorous and productive, upright growing shrub, early ripening, bears large, bright orange-red berries.
Harvest Moon is an early maturing, relatively thornless variety with reddish-orange berries from Canadian breeding program. adapted to Canadian prairies and northern Great Plains of the United States. Great for brewing beer and kombucha.
Please check back in mid November to order for Spring Shipping
Askola(TM) has an extremelly high content of Vitamin C and E. The plentiful, dark orange berries ripen in early fall and ideal for juicing. It reaches 10-12 ft. in height.
* 1 male per 5-7 of the above listed females
* best suited for early and mid season female varietes (listed above)
How to Grow Sea Buckthorn 2021 Susan Pozner interviewing researcher Bill Schroder
2015 Research Gate Saskatchewan varieties
Introduction Ontario, Canada
Irrigation Report Quebec (French) 2016-2017
Frozen seaberries at The Honeyberry Farm
Quebec 2013 Martin Trepanier, Ph.D., agr
Sea Buckthorn Insider
Production Guide (Thomas & McLoughlin, 1997), yukonag.ca
Lilianausvat blog 2013 - overview
International Sea Buckthorn conference, Germany 2013, sanddorn.net
Harvesting technologies for sea buckthorn fruit, sciencedirect.com
Honeyberry USA Fotos of various unnamed bushes.
Proceedings of the 3rd European Workshop, Finland 2014
Growing Sea Buckthorn 102 Omega Fruit