Harvest tool - fishline attached to end of "U"
(right click and Open to enlarge)
Fishline slices berries off stem
The vitamin C concentration of sea berry fruit is 30 times higher than the amount of an orange, 25 times that of a strawberry, and 5 times that of a kiwi. Their vitamin E content exceeds wheat, corn and soybeans. Many people prefer seaberry juice to orange juice, and some enjoy eating the berries fresh off the tree. Read about more health benefits at Livestrong and 101healthyrecipes.com.
If you don't mind sugar, check out the Russian jam recipe at the end of this article.
Regular deep watering during the hot dry spells of summer will increase seaberry yields substantially. Phosphorus and Potash, along with micro nutrients are necessary, while Nitrogen can actually hinder the plants growth and general vigour.
Sea berry, Hippophae rhamnoides, are either male or female so males are needed for pollination. Males need to be planted at a rate of 1 male for every 6 females, six feet apart. Sea Berry is wind pollinated and bears approximately 3 years after planting. Sea berry is hardy to minus 40° F, grows in USDA zones 3-9 (but best in 3-7), likes full sun and well-drained soil. Ideal pH is between 6.3 and 6.8 but tolerates 5.5 - 8.5. Height 8-12'. Spread 5+'
Please note that some varieties of seaberry sucker, up to 15 feet or more, so should not be planted next to your neighbor's property line! Suckers are best controlled by simply mowing the grass around the bush. However, sea buckthorn should not be confused with the black-berried common buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica L. which is considered a noxious weed.
Seaberry needs *Full Sun*
Medium height (10' - 15' H) with very few thorns.
Fruits are bright orange at maturity and remain firm for a long period which can be harvested until first frost (4-6 weeks harvest from August into September in northern states). Average berry weight 68g/100 berries. Mary has a higher oil content than Sunny and its flavor is more pronounced but the flavour is still mild and pleasant since it is low in total acids, which makes it a great choice for food and beverages as well. Higher oil content is preferable for skin care products. It has, enough oil content to make it the first choice for Finnish company Aromtech, who makes supplement capsules, and the flavor is right up there with Sunny as to palatability. This cultivar produces smaller berries than Sunny but the shrubs are very good producers overall.
Eva (female) comes from a specially selected seedling from Mary. New to North American in 2017, she comes to us from a Latvian breeding program. The height of the shrubs and look of the berries are the same as Mary. The main differences between the two is the amounts of polyphenols present in the berries and Eva has a bit more oil than Mary. It was developed for maximum nutrient value and has the bonus of producing good tasting fruits also. Great for nutraceuticals and healing ointments.
Lord Male Seaberry
* 1 male per 5-7 of the above listed females
* best suited for early and mid season female varietes (listed above)
Irrigation Report Quebec (French) 2016-2017
Frozen seaberries at The Honeyberry Farm
Quebec 2013 Martin Trepanier, Ph.D., agr
Sea Buckthorn Insider
Production Guide (Thomas & McLoughlin, 1997), yukonag.ca
Lilianausvat blog 2013 - overview
International Sea Buckthorn conference, Germany 2013, sanddorn.net
Sea Berry Therapy (sibu.com)
Harvesting technologies for sea buckthorn fruit, sciencedirect.com
Honeyberry USA Fotos of various unnamed bushes.